David Faria remembers happy childhood days running barefoot and catching turtles around Milton and McCabe streets, where he grew up.
Decades later, children can no longer experience such classic memories in those parts of Bliss Corner. Instead, lots are now protected by fences, their soil affected by high levels of lead and polychlorinated biphenyls — also known as PCBs.
“It’s a sin with a capital S,” said Faria, 80, a former Select Board member and police officer.
The EPA reports that PCBs cause cancer in animals and potentially in humans. In addition to causing cancer, animals exposed to PCBs have shown other health effects, including impacts on their reproductive, immune and endocrine systems.
If no action is taken, the EPA said the soil “will continue to pose a threat to human health and the environment.”
Faria worries that the dumping nearly cost his sister her life.
She was diagnosed with sarcoma, lost her leg to the illness and was told by doctors she was lucky to have survived, he said.
“How about all the other sisters out there, the brothers and mothers and fathers?” he asked.
According to the EPA, soil around 20 Bliss Corner properties were well above the federal lead level and one exceeding the federal level for PCBs.
Attorney Betty Ussach, who had a client living in the neighborhood, said the contamination likely exists even past the quarter square mile area around a vacant property located at 85 McCabe St. — where the PCBs were first discovered.
Ussach said her client, who has since passed away, recalled seeing the dumping happen at a location near the Dartmouth Street Stop & Shop just over the line in New Bedford.
“There’s a housing project over there,” she said. “That’s not included in the Bliss Corner investigation.”
It currently remains unclear who will bear the brunt of the cleanup cost and what that final cost will be. An EPA spokesperson said “it is premature to speculate about potential costs at this time.”
MassDEP’s letter noted that the department “has reason to believe” that the Town of Dartmouth “arranged for and/or otherwise caused the historic disposal of waste and fill material” at various Bliss Corner properties in and around the 1950s — something the town objected to.
The town could be on the hook for up to three times the cost of testing and cleanup, as well as 12% interest on any costs already incurred by MassDEP — and it may also be liable for damages to natural resources caused by the chemicals, according to the notice.
Diana Jaynes, who owns Blue Eagle Printing on 10 Kraseman St., said that last she was told, commercial properties like hers would be liable for their own clean up.
“We feel we should not be liable for any clean up, since we came into this property in
Steps amid an uncertain future
Under the EPA’s cleanup plan, the agency will remove soils to a depth of 3 feet below ground surface or until the state’s standard for lead (200 parts per million) or total PCB (1 parts per million) is achieved.
Some of those in the neighborhood have already begun to prepare their properties.
Little People’s College owner Kim Rego, whose property at 52 Donald St. was found to have an “imminent hazard” of contaminants in the soil in 2019, said the affected areas have either been fenced off or covered with a thick layer of pea stone or wood chips.
“We wanted to fix this right away,” she said.
One soil sample from the daycare’s front lawn showed levels of PCBs present at 400 times the safety standard of 1 part per million for residential areas, while another sample taken from a play area showed levels of lead at 5300 parts per million — 26.5 times the residential standard of 200.
Toxic chemicals found on the property included arsenic, benzo(a)pyrene, and dibenzo(a,h)anthracene as well as lead and PCBs.
“Nothing’s by where the kids are playing — they come first,” Rego said. “It’s not the prettiest, but you can drive by and see’’ the fencing.
She keeps parents informed so they are not surprised along the way, she added.
Ussach said that her client’s property, which contains lead and other chemicals in its soil, is currently being sold.
“The person who is buying is fully aware of it,” she noted.
But for other property owners, Ussach said they don’t have that quick remediation.
“Some of those people — that house is their only major asset,” she said. “What are we going to do for those people who want to deed, remortgage, or leave [the property] to their children?”
While Ussach is pleased to see the federal government take action on the chemicals, she hopes this is just the first of many steps in cleaning up Bliss Corner.
“I don’t think we’ve nearly reached the point where the problem is resolved,” Ussach said. “Taking care of five properties is not taking care of the problem.”
“Every single ounce of PCBs in the Town of Dartmouth has to be removed from the Town of Dartmouth,” he said. “We shouldn’t have to be suffering because of ugliness’’ perpetuated by others.